Chornohora (Pip Ivan) is the highest mountain range of Ukrainian Carpathians. Its physically-geographical possessions important for large territory of region. This range occupies the unique position in the mountain system of Carpathians. Its climate is considered as unique and has an influence on a large territory.
The study of climatic features of Chornohora began in the 20th-30th years of ХХ century, when the weather station was opened on the mountain valley Pozhyzhevska (1401 m a.s.l.). It recorded the atmospheric precipitation with the help of a rain gauge and pluviograph. The Pluviograph fixed a strong thundershower at the 30-31 August 1927 year, which had a place from 19:50 to 00:20. 123 mm of precipitations fell out for that time. Then there was the conducted analysis of distribution of precipitations in north-eastern inclination of Carpathians. These observations were sporadic.
The sunny radiation was also observed periodically. The opening of the Observatory on a top of Pip Ivan in 1938 gave an impulse for meteorological researches of Chornohora. They were interrupted by the Second World War. The data of these observations were not published and disappeared without track.
The resumption of these researches are important from the point of unicity of location of the Observatory. It is located on the main range of Chornohora, top of Pip Ivan. The large atmospheric masses have influence on the adherent territory. The studies of physically-geographical properties of territory mattersfor large region. !We plan to do the meteorological measuring and observations in the Observatory in such directions:!
- Atmospheric pressure;
- Radiation (direct, diffuse, total, reflected and effective);
- Wind speed and direction;
- Measurements and observations of snow cower;
- Measurement of air cooling volume;
- Surface condition of soil;
- Cloud cover;
- Atmospheric phenomena;
- Measurement of atmospheric chemistry.
The Observatory is planned as a center where the integration of many of the sciences and methods into environmental research will be provided, in which the most up-to-date is the climate change. Also the Observatory will be background for student practice.